Ages 4-5 Years

Following are information, activities and resource links for the five main areas of development for children ages 4-5 years old. Download a print-friendly version of this page >

5 AREAS of DEVELOPMENT DEVELOPMENTAL CHECKLISTS What is Pragmatic Language When Preschoolers Exert Their Independence What is Process Art About Stuttering

Communication Skills

  • Uses more adult-like grammar
  • Uses pronouns correctly
  • Uses different tenses (past, present, future)
  • Defines objects by uses

Fine Motor Skills

  • Copies a square
  • Prints own name with a tripod pencil grasp
  • Ties shoelaces
  • Cuts on line continuously

Gross Motor Skills

  • Hops on one foot
  • Skips and gallops
  • Catches a small ball
  • Navigates stairs while holding object
  • Turns somersault

Personal Social Skills

  • Develop friendships
  • Enjoy imaginative play with other children
  • May negotiate solutions to conflicts
  • Compare selves to other children/adults

Problem Solving Skills: 3-4 years

  • Engages in elaborate pretend play
  • Experiments with cause and effect in play
  • Understands basic concepts like tallest, biggest, same, more, etc.
  • Asks who, what, where, and why questions
  • Understands more complex words like time words (yesterday, tomorrow) and words to describe emotions (happy, disappointed)

Communication Activities

  • Re-tell your favorite story or create your own
  • Play Simon-Says adding increasingly complex directions for your child to follow
  • Have your child describe objects telling you at least two things about an object
  • Play reverse hide-and-seek – your child hides objects and gives YOU clues as to where to find them
  • Rhyming: help your child learn simple words that rhyme (make-take or sock-lock)

Fine Motor Activities

  • Continue puzzles, drawing, sorting, cutting and gluing
  • Watercolor paints with a brush
  • Coloring books
  • Help your child print simple letter such as his name

Gross Motor Activities

  • Miniature golf
  • Leap frog
  • Hopscotch
  • Obstacle course

Personal Social Activities

  • Plant a garden with your child
  • Show your child how to make simple recipes using measurements
  • Allow your child to have a lemonade stand, making the lemonade and counting change
  • Help your child write his or her name
  • Read daily to your child

Problem Solving Activities: 3-4 years

  • Teach your child to count and recognize the numbers 1-10
  • Conduct simple science experiments
  • Play the memory game
  • Compare objects of differing size and weight
  • Cut objects into fractions of ½, ¼ etc.
  • Read daily to your child
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